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HomeHealthWhat Is Narcolepsy and Which Treatments Are Available?

What Is Narcolepsy and Which Treatments Are Available?

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Narcolepsy involves a deficiency of hypocretin, or orexin, a brain chemical that controls sleep and wakefulness. It can cause a variety of symptoms, including EDS; brief episodes of muscle weakness called cataplexy; vivid hallucinations when falling asleep or waking up (hypnagogic and hypnopompic); and disrupted nighttime sleep.

Buy Modafinil Australia is one such treatment that can be effective in addressing symptoms associated with certain sleep disorders. Additionally, seeking out support groups can provide valuable emotional support and practical advice for coping with the condition.

Whether it’s through medication or finding a supportive community, there are options to improve your quality of life while dealing with sleep disorders.

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness

The most obvious symptom of narcolepsy is excessive daytime sleepiness. This can make it difficult to concentrate and perform at work or school. It often happens when people are stressed or tired, but it can also happen at other times. People with narcolepsy can fall asleep without warning, even when they are busy or talking to someone.

Cataplexy is sudden muscle weakness that can affect the head, neck, or knees. It’s usually triggered by intense emotions, such as joy, fear, or anger. It may last only a few minutes but can put people at risk of injury, such as falls or car accidents.

Research has shown that people with narcolepsy have low levels of a chemical called hypocretin (hi-poe-KREE-tin). This chemical helps to regulate being awake and when you enter REM sleep. Modalert 200 mg The alternative medicine is, can be used in the absence of Modafinil.

It is thought that narcolepsy is caused by a problem with the hypothalamus and its pathways to keep us awake and conscious. It may be caused by a loss of neurons that make and use the wake-promoting chemical orexins, or by an autoimmune problem.

Cataplexy

Most people with narcolepsy develop cataplexy at some point. It is a sudden loss of muscle control that can range from weakness in the knees and arms to slurred speech or total collapse to the floor. It is usually triggered by intense emotions such as surprise, anger, and laughter.

It is believed that a lack of orexin-producing brain cells leads to the condition. Cataplexy is also associated with autoimmune disorders, which are illnesses caused when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue or organs.

Many of the symptoms of narcolepsy can be controlled with medication and lifestyle changes. Your doctor may prescribe a wake-promoting drug, such as modafinil (Provigil) methylphenidate (Ritalin), or sodium oxybate (Xyrem or Xywav). You should avoid caffeine and nicotine and follow a regular sleep schedule.

Your doctor might recommend acupuncture, meditation, or relaxation techniques to ease your symptoms. It is important to let your employer and teachers know that you have narcolepsy, so they can be prepared for sudden sleepiness at work or school.

Hallucinations

People with narcolepsy often have vivid sleep-related hallucinations, either when falling asleep (hypnagogic hallucinations) or when awakening (hypnopompic hallucinations). They typically involve visual perceptions, but can also include the senses of sound, touch, smell, and taste. These are usually frightening and cause feelings of fear or dread.

In some cases, people with narcolepsy can suddenly lose muscle tone while they’re awake and are unable to move or speak. This is called cataplexy and can lead to slurred speech or buckling knees, depending on the severity. It’s triggered by strong emotions like surprise, anger, or joy.

Treatment of hallucinations depends on the underlying causes. Doctors may recommend medication such as clonidine, benzodiazepines, or antidepressants. They can help control the symptoms and minimize their impact on preferred activities.

They can also use magnetic resonance imaging to check for structural problems that may be causing the hallucinations. Support groups and counseling can also be helpful for people with narcolepsy and their family members. Ask your healthcare provider for more information and to locate a group or counselor near you.

Disrupted Nighttime Sleep

People with narcolepsy frequently wake up during the night. This disrupts their sleep and can make them feel tired the next day.

During brief sleep attacks, people with narcolepsy lose their ability to control their movements. Their writing, for example, may turn into illegible scribble. Often they have no memory of these events. People with narcolepsy sometimes fall asleep while they are talking, eating, or driving. This can cause accidents or serious injuries.

Some people with narcolepsy have vivid sleep-related hallucinations. They may occur when they are falling asleep or upon waking up. These hallucinations are usually visual, but they can involve other senses like touch, taste, and smell.

Researchers aren’t sure what causes narcolepsy. However, they have found that many people with type 1 narcolepsy have low levels of hypocretin (hi-poe-KREE-tin), a chemical made in the brain that helps keep you awake. This is thought to be due to an autoimmune reaction.

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